Quantum Computing is an idea which came from quantum mechanics. It explains how particles within the universe can behave in strange ways. Particles that are very small can be extremely fast, and this explains why scientists have been interested in the study of how to make computers more powerful. One of the ideas to do this is the use of quantum computing. How does it work?
The study of how to use phenomena in quantum physics to create new methods for computing has had a long history. Albert Einstein was one of the first researchers into quantum physics. He came up with a concept called’relativity’. According to this theory, time and space don’t actually exist. Time and space are merely ‘appearings’ created by our eyes through the use of clocks. Because of this, Einstein’s concept of relativity can be used to describe the way we move through space and time.
The next big person in the quantum computing field was Jimiren Jimieng who worked out a way to use quantum theory to design better satellite dishes. He hoped that this new technology would allow us to send electronic messages faster over longer distances. Over the following few decades, various researchers have designed better satellite dishes and improved upon the original design. Now, we have better ways of sending and receiving messages over great distances. Thanks to the study of quantum technology, we now have another tool to help us communicate over long distances.
Another group trying to use quantum computing to solve problems is researchers who work on quantum mechanics. These people are trying to use the laws of quantum theory to create a way for a quantum computer to solve certain problems such as calculating the value of the prime number. Although this seems impossible, it has been done before with the advent of computers with virtual memory. Although it has been established that quantum mechanics is used in this process, it is not yet understood how it works.
A third branch of the science of quantum computing deals with error correction systems. This is the field of Distributed Science; which attempts to combine science with computer science in order to create error correction systems for quantum computers. Error correction is necessary because quantum computers are not able to take in all the information at one time. This can lead to a lot of loss of data and accuracy.
Two of the ways in which quantum computing uses the laws of the sub atomic realm are quantum computing in silicon based chips and error correction methods. In the case of silicon based chips, the calculations are carried out using quantum particles. One method of error correction involves the use of a grid which distributes the measurements of the silicon atoms. Another way of error correction involves the use of a laser. The laser is set on the semiconductor material to excite its electrons, thus changing their position.
Quantum computing is also based on entanglement. When two or more particles are near each other, the particles become linked and emit waves of radiation in the form of coherent radiation. Entanglement was first predicted in the late 1970’s with the experimental work of George Wierson. The theory states that if the energy structure of a particle is broken by placing it near an antenna, its other neighbors will also experience the change.
Although Quantum computing has not yet found a use in our day to day lives, it has paved the way for scientists to carry out research in various fields. The advancement of technology has allowed the creation of smaller and more powerful computers. Quantum computing will continue to grow and become a priority in scientific research. We may soon see quantum bits controlling the power and speed of computers.